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Machine Guarding at the Point of Operation

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Guard Hazards Where Work is Performed

The point of operation on a machine is where the work is performed.  Guarding the point of operation is critical to protecting personnel from accident or injury as well as preventing equipment damage.   

In many point of operation applications, operators must work in very close proximity to the hazard.  Hard guards can be impractical in these applications, as they can reduce ergonomics and productivity of operators.  Optical sensing technologies, like safety light curtains, protect the point of operation while allowing operators to interact with the machine more seamlessly. 


How Safety Light Curtains Protect Points of Operation

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What are Safety Light Curtains?

Safety light curtains typically consist of an emitter and receiver—where the emitter sends beams of light to the receiver—creating a sensing screen that guards machine hazards  The light curtain can detect when an individual or object interrupts any beam in the screen and can trigger a halt to the hazardous motion.  

Safety light curtains can be rated Type 2 or Type 4 depending on the level of risk they protect against, and they come in a variety of resolutions (distance between beams) to detect an arm, hand, or finger. The specific resolution required will depend on your application, how far away the light curtain is placed from the hazard, and how quickly the hazardous motion can be halted based on a minimum safety distance calculation. 

Please note: The information on this page is meant for educational purposes only and is accurate as of the time of publication. Always consult a safety expert about your specific application before implementing any machine safety measures.


Considerations for Point of Operation Applications

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Blind Zones

End-To-End Sensing Ensures No Gaps in Protection

When using a safety light curtain for point of operation applications, it is critical to ensure that there are no gaps where a finger or hand could go around the protective beam of light undetected. 

Many safety light curtains now feature end-to-end sensing, which means that the protective beams of light extend across the entire length of the light curtain.  In the image to the left, you can see that the beams go all the way to the end of the light curtain, which means there are no gaps even when light curtains are cascaded together in various configurations.

If there are blind zones or other gaps, these must be taken into consideration when designing the safety system.  A risk assessment is an important first step in any safety project to ensure that considerations like these are accounted for and addressed before implementation. 

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Space Constraints

Ergonomic Safety for Even the Tightest Spaces

Optical safety devices often save space and improve operator ergonomics compared to doors and other hard guards.  Safety light curtains facilitate a more seamless operator interaction with the machine, which can help improve productivity.

Near the point of operation, space is often limited.  While safety light curtains are available in a wide range of protective heights, they can also be extremely compact and low profile for even the tightest spaces.

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Harsh Environments

Rugged Design Ensures Safety in All Environments

Industrial environments can be punishing for safety devices.  When choosing an industrial safety device, consider the surrounding environment to ensure that the ruggedness of the device meets your application requirements. For example, features like heavy-duty aluminum housing and a recessed lens protect safety light curtains from damage due to impact. 

In addition, in food processing applications, light curtains mounted close to the process must endure frequent high pressure, high temperature washdown to adhere to food safety standards.  Many light curtains can be equipped with IP69K-rated protective enclosures to ensure reliable operation in these harsh conditions. 


Featured Products

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LS Series

Easy-to-Use, Full-Featured Safety Light Curtain

LS light curtains are intuitive, easy-to-use safety devices used for machine safeguarding. They are built to withstand challenges commonly found in manufacturing and packaging environments.

  • Full-featured models with options to meet a wide range of applications
  • Heavy-duty aluminum housing and recessed window to avoid damage in harsh environments
  • End-to-end sensing
  • Highly visible alignment and diagnostic indicators
  • 14, 23 & 40 mm resolution (detection capability)
  • Available in 23 defined area heights from 280 to 1820 mm in 70 mm increments
  • IP65/IP67 environmental rating with IP69K models available
  • Muting arm kits available
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LP Series

Full-Featured, Low Profile Safety Light Curtain

The space-saving, compact profile of the LP is ideal for smaller machines, yet robust enough to meet the demands of large power presses.

  • Continuous sensing for no blind zones
  • 14 mm or 25 mm resolution defined area heights from 270 mm to 1810 mm (10.6 to 71.2 inches)
  • Compact profile and multiple mounting options for a wide range of machine safety applications
  • Exceeds OSHA/ANSI Control Reliability requirements, certified to cULus NIPF, and CE certified to Type 4, Category 4PLe and SIL 3
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SLC4 Series

Compact Light Curtain for Simple Applications

SLC4 safety light curtains are our shortest, most compact safety light curtains for safeguarding points of access and operation on smaller production machines and similar equipment.

  • Defined area heights from 160 mm to 320 mm
  • 0.1 m to 2 m (4 in to 6.5 ft) sensing range
  • 14 mm (finger detection) or 24 mm (hand detection) resolution models available
  • Sturdy interior aluminum housing with IP65 polycarbonate enclosure
  • Basic functionality with auto start/restart (trip output)
  • End-to-end sensing design (no blind zone)

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